obedience


obedience
(taqlid)
   In the context of legal, theological and philosophical disputation, taqlid denotes unquestioning acceptance of authority without proofs or reasons, that is; blind submission to, or imitation of, a master or school. Although western Orientalists and modernist Muslim thinkers have sometimes characterized the Islamic tradition as having an immature and counterproductive dependence upon authority, this term typically has a negative connotation within the tradition itself and is applied by a wide range of diverse thinkers to their adversaries. Although it might be applied to a traditionalist by one who valorized independent judgement (ijtihad) or considered opinion (ra’y) or reason (‘aql), traditionalists themselves (e.g. Zahirites, Hanbalites, Ash‘arites, etc.) commonly used it as a disparaging term in describing and attacking more rationalist opponents (e.g. al-Ghazali’s critique of the philosophers). In theological matters at least, one is hard pressed to find figures that explicitly advocate taqlid. In the realm of jurisprudence, the case is somewhat different, especially regarding the question of independent judgement. There taqlid has found many advocates, albeit in the context of generally nuanced debates about when and why and to what extent it is acceptable and even necessary for the less learned or experienced to accept the authoritative opinions of specialists and predecessors.
   Further reading: Hallaq 1997, 2005; Schacht 1964/83

Islamic Philosophy. . 2007.

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  • obédience — [ ɔbedjɑ̃s ] n. f. • 1155; lat. obœdientia 1 ♦ Relig. Obéissance à un supérieur ecclésiastique. ♢ Maison religieuse dépendant d une maison principale. 2 ♦ Littér. Obéissance ou soumission. Une obédience absolue. ⇒ dépendance, obéissance,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Obedience — • The complying with a command or precept. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Obedience     Obedience     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • obedience — Obedience. s. f. Obeïssance. Il ne se dit que dans les matieres Ecclesiastiques. Les voeux de chasteté, pauvreté, obedience. le Superieur a commande à ce Religieux en vertu de sainte obedience. Il signifie aussi, L ordre, le congé par escrit qu… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Obedience — Obédience Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Obedience — O*be di*ence, n. [F. ob[ e]dience, L. obedientia, oboedientia. See {Obedient}, and cf. {Obeisance}.] 1. The act of obeying, or the state of being obedient; compliance with that which is required by authority; subjection to rightful restraint or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • obedience — (n.) c.1200, submission to a higher power or authority, from O.Fr. obedience (12c.) and directly from L. obedientia obedience, noun of quality from obedientem (nom. obediens); see OBEDIENT (Cf. obedient). In reference to dog training from 1930 …   Etymology dictionary

  • obedience — index adherence (devotion), adhesion (loyalty), allegiance, capitulation, compliance, deference, du …   Law dictionary

  • obedience — [n] good behavior; submissiveness accordance, acquiescence, agreement, compliance, conformability, conformity, deference, docility, duteousness, dutifulness, duty, manageability, meekness, observance, orderliness, quietness, respect, reverence,… …   New thesaurus

  • obedience — Obedience, Obedientia, Morigeratio, Auscultatio, Obsequela …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • obedience — [ō bē′dē əns] n. [OFr < L obedientia < obediens] 1. the state, fact, or an instance of obeying, or a willingness to obey; submission 2. Eccles. JURISDICTION …   English World dictionary

  • Obedience — Hundeführerin mit Hund bei der Freifolge Obedience [əˈbiːdɪəns] (deutsch: Gehorsam) ist eine Hundesportart, bei der es besonders auf harmonische, schnelle und exakte Ausführung der Übungen ankommt. Obedience wird auch als „Hohe Schule“ der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia